A tort occurs when one party causes injury, damage, or wrong to another party. The injury may be inflicted either intentionally or as a result of a breach of duty (negligence), or due to a violation of strict liability statutes. Some common types of tort claims include:
- Slip and fall injuries
- Assault and battery
- Products liability
- Premises liability
The word “tort” derives from the Latin term meaning “twist” or disfigure. Thus, tort claims often involve physical injury to the plaintiff, though they may involve other types of injuries (such as economic loss). The main purpose of tort law is to reimburse the victim for losses connected with their injury. The most common form of tort action is that of negligence.